Get Inspired, Be Empowered Forums Employment Opportunities Why is the gender pay gap higher for women?

1 reply, 2 voices Last updated by Ayush Agrawal 8 months, 1 week ago
  • Moeesha Girdhar

    The wage distinction between men and women in the work force is referred to as the gender pay gap. Although the gender disparity in wages has shrunk in many countries as time passed, it still remains and fluctuates by area and industry. Several reasons lead to women having a larger salary difference than males. It is vital to recognise the factors and find alternatives to them. Firstly, men and women frequently work in various industries and vocations, with some receiving higher income than others. Women are frequently concentrated in industries such as education, healthcare, and social services, which typically pay lower wages than male-dominated professions such as engineering, finance, and technology. Women’s possibilities for higher-paying occupations are hampered by occupational segregation. Secondly, women are underrepresented in executive and leadership positions. Salaries and benefits are often greater towards the top of the corporate ladder. Gender prejudices, a lack of mentorship and sponsorship opportunities, and cultural expectations about gender roles are all factors that contribute to this imbalance. According to studies, women may be offered lower beginning salary for equivalent professions than males. Fourth, the move to parenting, especially for women, frequently results in a large salary disparity. Women may experience difficulties managing work and family obligations, which may result in career interruptions or reduced work hours. Finally, according to research, women are less likely than males to negotiate their beginning salary or request compensation hikes. Negotiation skills and self-advocacy can be vital in gaining better salaries, and the gender pay gap is exacerbated by disparities in negotiation behaviour.

    It is critical to recognise that the wage disparity between men and women is a complicated issue driven by variousis a complicated issue driven by a variety of social, economic, and institutional variables. To close the gap, efforts must take a multifaceted strategy that includes fostering workplace diversity and inclusion, combatting bias and discrimination, offering equitable chances for career growth, and establishing equitable and open pay practises.

    Ayush Agrawal
    Not Helpful


    In an ideal world, gender equality would permeate all aspects of life, including the workplace. Unfortunately, the reality is that a gender pay gap still exists, with women consistently earning less than men. This disparity has been a subject of much debate and scrutiny. In this blog, we delve into the complex factors that contribute to the higher gender pay gap for women and explore why this persistent issue continues to prevail.

    Occupational Segregation:
    One of the primary factors driving the gender pay gap is occupational segregation. Certain industries and job sectors tend to be heavily dominated by either men or women. Women are often underrepresented in higher-paying fields such as engineering, technology, and finance. Conversely, they are overrepresented in lower-paying sectors such as caregiving, education, and hospitality. This segregation perpetuates the pay gap since jobs in male-dominated fields typically offer higher salaries and better advancement opportunities.

    Discrimination and Bias:
    Discrimination and bias, both overt and subtle, still persist in many workplaces. Women often face challenges such as unequal treatment, biased promotion practices, and limited access to leadership roles. Unconscious biases can affect hiring decisions, salary negotiations, and performance evaluations. These biases can contribute to women being undervalued and underpaid compared to their male counterparts, even with similar qualifications and experience.

    Lack of Negotiation and Assertiveness:
    Studies have shown that women are less likely to negotiate their salaries compared to men. This disparity in negotiation skills and assertiveness can lead to women accepting lower initial offers or pay raises. Societal expectations and stereotypes regarding gender roles and behaviors may discourage women from advocating for higher compensation, which further exacerbates the pay gap.

    Work-Life Balance and Caregiving Responsibilities:
    The burden of caregiving and family responsibilities falls disproportionately on women. Balancing career progression with family obligations can lead to women taking breaks from work, working part-time, or opting for more flexible, lower-paying roles. These choices, often driven by societal expectations and limited support systems, can hinder their earning potential and career advancement, contributing to the gender pay gap.

    Lack of Transparent Salary Structures:
    Opaque salary structures can perpetuate the gender pay gap. When compensation systems lack transparency, it becomes easier for pay disparities to go unnoticed and unaddressed. Negotiation processes and pay scales based on prior salaries can inadvertently perpetuate existing wage gaps. Implementing fair and transparent pay structures can help reduce disparities and ensure equal pay for equal work.

    Unconscious Bias in Performance Evaluation:
    Performance evaluations play a crucial role in determining promotions, bonuses, and salary increases. However, unconscious biases can taint these evaluations. Studies have shown that women often receive different feedback and evaluation criteria compared to men, which can lead to fewer advancement opportunities and lower compensation. Recognizing and addressing biases in performance evaluations can help mitigate the impact on the gender pay gap.


    The gender pay gap remains a pressing issue that requires proactive measures to bridge the divide. Addressing the higher pay gap for women involves systemic changes such as promoting diversity and inclusion, challenging gender stereotypes, implementing fair and transparent compensation systems, and providing support for work-life balance. It is imperative for governments, organizations, and individuals to work together to create an equitable and inclusive environment where women can thrive professionally and receive equal compensation for their contributions. Achieving gender pay parity is not only a matter of justice but also an investment in a more prosperous and fair society.

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