Get Inspired, Be Empowered Forums Gender-based Violence How Has The Govt Dealt With Domestic Violence So Far?

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12 replies, 10 voices Last updated by Samriti Sharma 2 years, 4 months ago
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    Yash Tiwari
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    Since the beginning of this year, domestic violence in India has gone out of control. Many women have become victims because of their woes in marriage and relationships with family and loved ones. This year alone, the number of domestic violence complaints received by the National Commission for Women has doubled, reaching 239 on April 16 alone. Domestic violence is said to be more rampant in Indian culture than it is in any other country in the world. It is a countrywide issue for women but the center received the highest number of complaints from New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana. Many feminists claim that the Mahila Thana in Delhi has failed in its objective to stop domestic violence. One reason for its failure that they say is low conviction rates. A recent study here in India of domestic violence cases revealed a different story.

    There are many reasons for domestic violence. Since women and girls are the biggest victims of domestic violence, the government should first deal with this problem carefully and in detail. Domestic violence in India continues to remain a huge issue. In fact, according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), more than 3 lakh cases were reported in the country in 2014, which have increased by 9% since 2013. The number of reported cases has been increasing every year for a while now and has almost doubled from what it was in 2005 (1.83 lakh). Recently, the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) in India noted that 1 in every 3 women face emotional or physical violence at least once during their lifetime. The survey further noted that 1 in every 7 married women face domestic violence.

    The first step the government has taken in order to deal with the issue of domestic violence (that is against women) is by setting up of special courts. Domestic violence cases have been heard in a special setting so that the victims can have a private and safe environment. By doing this the state has also given the victim of domestic violence more confidence to come forward and register their complaints. Moreover it has also enabled the judiciary to hear these cases more quickly. The response to this problem has been slow and inadequate.
    Nevertheless, several governments have introduced policies that address domestic violence, but they have not produced the kind of broad societal shifts needed to bring an end to it. For something as pervasive as domestic violence, it will not be enough to introduce forceful laws and programs. The government will need to engage with men and women at a larger level, by changing the dialogues around gender roles and stereotypes.

    Tanima
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    Domestic violence is another heinous truth of our tormented society. Here, in India, we worship our mother ,daughters and wives as goddess of wealth and goodwill, someone who brings all good in a house. But it’s one of the most shocking truth that according to National family and health survey in 2005,total lifetime prevalence of domestic violence in India is 33.5% and that means more than one-third of our women are going through this trauma.
    Ut can be in form of physical, mental abuse, sexual assault, honor killings, dowry related abuse and so on.
    Thanks to our government, that more and more effective steps are already taken. From dowry prohibition act of 1961 to domestic violence act of 2005,they have fought these crimes.
    Public information campaigns are organised through which government has urged the affected to get help and advice. Central government and municipality are already working working together to restrain it. From 1st January,2015 Municipalities are taking responsibilities for women who are suffering and already suffered from it. They are serving for their physical and mental health too.
    Though strict measures have already taken, it’s
    seemed to be not enough. We can see that poor villages are lacking resources. Women are too afraid to raise voice for themselves. If some get the courage to continue, they were send to that same den again which is becoming serious Life-threatening issue. As our society, full of gentlemen, is also accustomed to honor killings.
    That’s why women , in serious condition, need to be able to go to a safe place.
    Doctors, nurse and other professional sometimes can acknowledge these ill treatment, they should take action according to protocol.
    After all, women must save themselves. They should encourage each other for raising voice.we have to constraint these crimes , otherwise women empowerment will be fur than dream.

    PALAK KASHIV
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    Domestic violence is still a big issue that every woman is facing our Indian government is taking steps constantly but somewhere I think not proved that effective, there are various ways of violence are happening and our government is yet to address that. Also when complaints are registered in police station police are not quick to catch the culprit first they take the process of investigation very slowly, by the time the culprit gets the time to run away, this needs to change. The government has established some laws prohibiting women from domestic violence acts, intimate partner violence, equal remuneration act. The government needs to simplify this law, connect victims through organizations so they also help women, the government needs to change the narrative of the TV shows where violence is shown. The government has made public information campaign this help to prevent violence. The government has made helpline numbers, especially for violence and stalking. The government also trying to ban risk factors associated with violence like alcohol sales. Modification of the justice system is also important. The government needs to create separate shelter homes for the victims. This how the government is dealing.

    Mayuravarshini Mohana
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    Domestic violence is still a prominent concern in India. It is so deeply entrenched in our society that it is normalised and women are often advised to ‘adjust’ and not resist. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in its 2019 report states the majority of cases filed under crimes against women pertain to violence perpetrated by husband and/or his relatives. It is not uncommon for men to be victims, but the prevalence is greater among women.

    The normalisation of domestic violence stems from gendered upbringing where the woman is expected to be mature and understanding. Therefore it is her onus to compromise and tolerate maltreatment, for divorce is still a taboo in many Indian households and remains out of question. From an early age individuals are taught that the equation between a man and a woman is that of dominance and submissiveness. Such attitudes take deep root in young minds and when they become adults, they enact their roles in the equation. Men strive to exert power over women and violence is the most immediate tool.

    The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 is a civil law that provides protection to women from domestic violence. It extends to all women of a familial unit as well as to women in live-in relationships. The law also provides financial compensation as well as maintenance if separated from the abuser. Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code is a criminal law that protects women from physical and mental injury inflicted by her husband or his relatives.

    The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) finds that the incidence of spousal violence is greater in Karnataka, Bihar, Manipur, Telangana and Assam. Even with stringent laws in place, domestic violence largely goes unreported. The gap between legal code and implementation, along with unfriendly and cumbersome process of law has discouraged a lot of victims from filing complaints.

    The Covid-19 pandemic has augmented the number of domestic violence cases in India. Within a fortnight of implementing the first nationwide lockdown, the National Commission for Women reported a 100% rise in domestic violence complaints. The sudden economic insecurity, isolation, loss of jobs and psychological stress in families has contributed to the surge in violence against women. The several lockdowns encumbered reporting which in turn affected timely aid to women in distress. The functioning of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act was not recognized as an essential service during lockdown and hence a number of NGOs remained curbed. Governments have been widely criticised for not anticipating the rise in harassment and building relief systems for women.

    There is no effective system in place to address misuse of these laws. On June 1, 2021 the Madras high court remarked that there were no provisions for a spouse to proceed against false complaints. Such loopholes allow individuals to take advantage of the provision. This should be immediately addressed for it desecrates the very purpose of such laws which is to prevent crimes grounded on gender inequality.

    Our country, with the cohesion of judicial systems and NGOs, has the framework to successfully challenge and eradicate domestic violence in India. However, the network beginning with the victim and concluding at the judiciary must be revamped so as to facilitate smoother and immediate recourse of justice.

    DISHA SAPKALE
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    Domestic violence is still a major issue that most of the women faces. But then also their is no decrease in cases of domestic violence. why? Because criminals are still not getting strict punishment to give them a lesson. In villages men used to beat their wife’s on roads but no one will stop him or call police to help her. And women in villages aren’t aware of their rights against domestic violence which they are facing from long time. Government need to make such organisation and free campaigns for such women who don’t aware of rights to fight back against domestic violence. Their is no protection for women to defend herself while going through violence but their is only way to defend that is self-defense. Women in villages should taught self-defense and it will happen only than when government will provide them free training centre of self-defense in villages who don’t even know about self-defense. This will help women to defend herself from domestic violence. Many women who tolerate violence because of society, family pressure and not being financial independent to avoid this their should be job facilities for women in villages so they can earn money and be independent than they don’t need to tolerate their husband violence anymore. In today’s generation also their are many cases are registered of domestic violence but their are some of the police station who don’t take action quickly towards culprit and some of the cases are ignored which leave criminal free to do more crimes and women don’t get justice. In Television also their are many serials that shows violence but non of them will take action against such kind of things that influences society. Their should have boundaries towards such things who gives wrong message or negative influence towards society. Government should create such boundaries and strict punishment for criminals who does violence with women and give them such lesson so that others will get scared and stop doing domestic violence against women.

    nehachitroda
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    HOW HAS THE GOVT DEALT WITH DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SO FAR?
    Domestic violence has been continuing till now, it was in the past that many men used to be physically violent towards their wives and women were surviving that time also and still survive in this modern times.
    It is estimated that around 37% of Indian women have experienced physical or sexual abuse in their whole lifetime. And these are just reported once but many might not report the case because of fear of getting exploited in society and getting neglected.
    The Indian government has so far dealt with this issue. There are laws that will protect women when they are domestically abused like The Indian Penal Code Amendment 1983 which helps women who are married and suffer from abuse by their husbands and in- law. The other law is the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005 which is the first law stating that women should be safe and to be at home without violence. The violators of this act will be liable for compensation to women. The Criminal Law Amendment 2013, the main aim of this act was to give strict punishment to those who have abused women.
    Not only domestic violence is in terms of physical or sexual but there are cases of marital rapes, acid attacks, etc. The government has taken initiate and there are also NGOs that support women but the cases are increasing also every day. This issue cannot be solved easily and society has to change its thoughts regarding women and the issues faced by them.

    Manpreet Singh
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    Our Indian constitution contains a number of provisions for the protection of women. The provisions of equality and nondiscrimination find a place in the constitution. It also pursues the state to have such measures which provide positive discrimination in favor of women. Apart from fundamental rights, many specific laws have been made to ensure the rights of women are protected. This is incorporated in Directive Principles of State Policy. However, despite many constitutional protection and loads of legal legislation, the curse of gender discrimination and injustice continues to be prevalent in our society. This is mainly because the administrative side, that enforces the laws do not always share the philosophy of gender justice concept.
    Women are handicapped with respect to the essential for access to justice. The widespread illiteracy, cultural dictates, and patriarchal mindset are very common. On top of it, an unfriendly legal process has kept most distressed women away from getting justice. Victims women have a bad experience with the national criminal justice system. Due to the prevalent patriarchal setup, they cannot depend on the criminal justice system. Be it for either protection or rehabilitation. There often exist confusion and ambiguities in the laws that criminalizing violence. Laws tend to be poorly drafted, focusing just on specific forms of violence. They do not deal with all forms of violence against women. Then there is weak law enforcement. The victim’s apathy and distrust cannot be avoided in the system. In certain situations, such as the dowry deaths, corruption in the police departmentA and enforcement officials works as a major obstacle.
    In order to make the whole system friendlier towards women’s justice, there is a need for the Governmental authorities, voluntary groups, and NGOs to come forward and serve the cause of rape victims or other such victims who cannot find any support in society. There is an urgent need to have a change in the attitude of the police authorities in matters-sensitive cases such as rape. A sympathetic attitude towards the rape victims along with the necessary support should be provided to the victims. The government has a major role in doing this, we cannot solve the problem only by passing the laws.

    Apoorva Pathak
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    Domestic violence usually occurs when one partner dominates the other not only physically but also mentally harming the other partner and creating fear of one. This type of violence is still prevalent in our society because of the mental setup of the people. This has caused a negative sex ratio which has recently reported in the vital statistic of India this has indicated that mostly these type of violence occur in the patriarchal society and where they are educationally backward.

    Women are considered a pet of their male member they can’t say anything about her feelings, her will. She is abused and neglected by a male member. Different laws say that domestic violence is an inhumane crime against women in society. Under the domestic violence act 2005, different sections of the Indian penal code and criminal procedure code has called it fundamental for society to secure women rights. Section 304 B OF IPC related to the different agreement for women who are suffering domestic violence. 313 and316 of IPC physical torcher which leads to abortion. 305 and 306 of IPC for the suicide of women. there are many such provision for women safety against domestic violence. Albeit there are many women are unaware of these rights and they are not able to approach the court and die.

    Domestic violence also includes acid attacks, stalking, publically and forcefully disrobing these has created protection against the criminal act.

    To aware women of their rights, our constitutional pillars i.e executive, legislature and judicial all have to come together and take the pledge to secure every woman right. There such be first judicial proceeding in case of such violence and create awareness through acts, dramas and advertisement. Work on ground level solve the problems through a case study in a different area and know the problems with usually give rise to this evil.

    Semantee Chattopadhyay
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    In a report by The Wire, ” The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2019 reports that a majority (30.9%) of all the 4.05 lakh cases under crimes against women are registered under Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The section deals with ‘cruelty by husband or his relatives.” several women have lost their lives on account of domestic violence. Domestic violence and architects are prevalent. It is all around us. We all know of some people to have at some point faced domestic violence, or have perpetrated it. How often have you looked away and done nothing because you didn’t know what to do? There should be awareness ram domestic violence. What are the laws that are in place in India address the issue of domestic violence?
    There are three laws in India for domestic violence.
    • The protection of women act, 2005: It is a civil law that protects women in a household. This does not mean that it is just a love that protects women who are married to men. It also protects women who having live-in relationships, and family members including mothers, grandmothers etcetera. Under this law, women can seek protection against domestic violence, financial compensation, the right to live in the shared household, and can get maintenance from their abuser in his their living apart. This is not criminal law. It is for protecting women from their abusers.
    • The Dowry prohibition Act, 1961: It is a criminal law that punishes the taking and giving of dowry. If someone gives a takes diary under this law they can be sent to jail for six months or a fine of Rs. 5000. The court can decide to impose both punishments as well. This punishment also applies if someone is demanding dowry. This is applicable because, in several cases of domestic violence, we see that there is a demand for more dowry after the wedding.
    • Section 498A of IPC: This is a criminal law that applies to husbands or relatives of husbands who were cruel to women at home. It means we conduct that drives a woman to suicide or causes grave injury. It also includes harassment in the name of dowry. For up to three years under this law.

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