Yash Tiwari
Not Helpful

Female genital mutilation is the deliberate alteration or removal of external female genitalia. It is practiced in many African countries. In several cases, this mutilation is performed as a rite of passage or otherwise customary event. A lot of times a girl can be cut in one way and a boy in another way. For example, the girl can be cut out completely or partially, while the boy just has a scar from circumcision. Female genital mutilation has no health benefits and is very painful. It can lead to severe bleeding, problems urinating, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth, and increased risk of newborn deaths.

The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM), which is also known as female circumcision, refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injuries to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It is illegal in many countries and considered a violation of human rights by international human rights organizations. FGM is widespread mostly in western, eastern, and north-eastern Africa and to a lesser extent in the southeast and south-central Asia. In Somalia, for example, 98% of women suffer from FGM. It is believed that more than one hundred million women and girls alive today in at least 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia have been subjected to excision (or female circumcision) — the removal of part or all of the external female genitalia.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the collective name given to several traditional practices that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for nontherapeutic reasons. It has been recognized as a human-rights problem and is considered as a form of child abuse that can inflict lasting damage on health. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a commonly misunderstood and controversial issue. It can be extremely difficult to understand the differences between the types of procedures performed, as there are so many different cultures and religious beliefs that impact this practice.