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Everyone understands the importance of water, sanitation, and hygiene to people and health. The right to safe water and sanitation is a fundamental human right that, sadly, many people do not have. There are approximately 2.1 billion people worldwide who do not have access to safe drinking water and sanitation.
Females in rural areas are frequently harmed by a lack of safe water and basic sanitation due to their needs during menstruation or pregnancy, putting them at risk of infection. Due to a lack of sanitation resources, they struggle to keep themselves clean. Due to a lack of privacy in villages, females would either wait until it was dark to relieve themselves or refuse to drink water, dehydrating themselves. All of this could be harmful to the woman’s health. Women’s physical health would suffer as a result of being tasked with fetching water over long distances, and girls would be forced to miss classes.
Females feel unsafe going to latrine facilities because of the distance and the gender-based attacks they face, as well as the shame and insecurity they feel for being a woman with special needs. Girls would skip school during menstruation as their schools would lack female sanitation resources
It was also estimated that 8% of maternal deaths were linked to unhygienic conditions. Safe water and hygiene for women can reduce the risk of infections and death of infants and mothers.
Women face more problems than men due to a lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene. They are the fundamental requirements for empowering women everywhere on an equal footing. Improved sanitation is essential for raising women’s status, well-being, and opportunities.