Darshini Suresh
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Female Genital Mutilation is basically a practice which consist of cutting of the genital organs of a women and selling it. This also includes harm and pain to the women caused to the female genitals which are for Non-medical purposes.
There are four types of Female Genital mutilation observed and categorized by the WHO. Let me tell you that this prcatise isn’t there in any or does not belong to any region as such, it’s in fact a culture of people who have been practising it for thousands of years. This practise happens globally and out of which 44 counties have banned it. Even though in the countries which it’s banned, this practise take place forcefully without any fear.
According to the WHO every year around 3 million girls are at a risk of going through Female genital mutilation every year. Young girls from just days after birth up until the age of 15 are most commonly cut, however the practice can also have long-term effects that impact women for the rest of their lives. It is also known to be practiced at different stages of a woman’s life, for example at the time of marriage or even after they give birth.
This practise leads to serious health problems to girls such as bleeding, infant mortality, infertility, difficulties in menstruating, higher risk of going through HIV, painful urinating etc.This may also cause short term or long term physiological trauma to a girl or women who went through this.Empathy and trust are two critical elements of the work to end violations of basic human rights that are deeply enmeshed with cultural practice and taboo.