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Social stratification occurs in sociology when disparities provide certain groups more prestige, power, or privilege over others. It is simply a mechanism by which society classifies people categories in a hierarchical position. Socially speaking, members of society are diversified, including the socio-economic status, race, class, ethnicity, religion, capacity status, and sex. Gender stratification arises when inequalities in gender offer men greater status and authority over non-conforming women, transgender and gender. Feminist theory is the spread of feminism into theory or philosophy. In order to assess the strengthening of gender roles and inequality, the feminist theory uses the conflict approach. The idea of the conflict suggests that stratification in society is malfunctioning and destructive, with continued inequality as a reward for the wealthy and powerful, at the price of the needy. The role of patriarchy in preserving male domination is assessed particularly by radical feminism. The perspectives and contributions of men in a patriarchal society are regarded as more important, resulting in women’s silence and marginalization.
The theory of patriarchy as a power system, which organizes society into a complex of relations, is the emphasis of feminism. More recently, the feminist approach to the stratification of sex takes intersectionality into account, which was initially emphasized by feminist sociologist Kimberlé Crenshaw in the sociological theory of feminism. Intersectionality involves interacting and contributing to systemic societal disparities between diverse biological, social, and cultural categories, including genre, race, class, and ethnicity. Diverse forms of oppression, like racism or sexism, therefore don’t act separately, but rather, they interlink and constitute a system of oppression reflecting the ‘intersection’ of different forms of discrimination. Given this view, women are consequently oppressed and marginalized not only by gender but also by other variables like color and class. The feminist movement has changed western societies, including women’s votes, increased access to education, fairer pay to men, the freedom of women to start a divorce, the right of women to take individual pregnancy decisions.